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 io9.com

Science Fiction came of age in the 19th Century under the talents of writers like Mary Shelley, Jules Verne, and H.G. Wells. But before these authors stands a long history of proto-science fiction tales, replete with voyages to the moon, socially and technologically advanced civilizations, and visions of the future. We’ve delved into our scifi roots and found some of the surprisingly forward-looking works from poets, mathematicians, politicians, and philosophers that predate the year 1800.

Lucian of Samosata – A True History (2nd Centure CE):
his rousing tale of a trip to the moon, aliens armies, man-made men, and extraplanetary colonization is frequently recognized as the first known space opera.
Ibn al-Nafis – Theologus Autodidactus (c. 1270):
Thomas More – Utopia (1515):

Francis Bacon – The New Atlantis (1626):
Johannes Kepler – Somnium (The Dream) (1634):

Jonathan Swift – Gulliver’s Travels (1726):
Voltaire – Micromegas (1752):
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